A Seminar on the Story of the Bible - Part 2 (of 5 parts)


PART 2: From Abraham to the Jews' Return from Exile

Part 2A: From Abraham to Moses

(Part 2B: From Joshua to the return of the Jews from exile)

Right after declaring the repopulation of the world, the Bible suddenly shifts gear and focuses on a person - Abraham, a descendant of Shem through Arphaxad and Eber.





Who is Abraham? | Check the Timeline

Noah > Shem > Arphaxad > Shelah > Eber > Peleg > Reu > Serug > Nahor > Terah > Abraham

They lived in Ur which is present day Sanliurfa in southern Turkey or Northern Mesopotamia. Note that this area is just below the region of Ararat. Note Abram's age = 75 years old. The promise of salvation to all men was given to an elderly (=geriatric age group) - this should be encouraging to the Institute of Geriatrics.



Nearby in the north lived the Hittites


This covenant was made when Abraham was already 99 years old (24 years later!). And he is promised a son from Sarah's menopausic uterus when he will be 100 years old and Sarah at 91 years! His faith has to be extraordinary. But we believe that with God nothing is impossible. (Luke 1:37; Luke 18:27)



Then the promised line where salvation will come started moving forward. Apparently salvation is associated with a "ripe old age" - when you look at the patriarchs and their spouses they were quite advanced in age.


From Jacob's line came the twelve tribes - then God changed his name to Israel.


This specific nation from Jacob's bosom will be God's bearer of salvation. The instrument for this plan to become reality is Joseph, the interpreter of dreams who acknowledged his source - God.


Not bad for Joseph - from prisoner to prime minister. Now do we have archaelogical evidence? Yes - the "famine stela" which can be seen in the Sehel island in the Nile river near the Aswan dam. This was written in stone around 1,000 years after the event. Who is the pharaoh? Pharaoh Djoser. What did they call Joseph? Imhotep. Now we have definite dates and click on this to follow the accurate Egyptian timeline. Again here is proof that the Bible is very accurate in its contents.


Now we have more information that boggles the mind:


This is how the grain storage facility looked like - there are more of these still not excavated in other parts of Egypt.


Then the time came for Israel to be a nation and where did it happen? in Egypt.



Egyptian timeline based on the Bible timeline


The most obvious of all reasons - Joseph lived a long time ago (= 430 years), they all forgot. The new pharaoh had no idea of what Joseph had done, as we today have no idea of the accomplishments of Ulrich Zwingli (Zwingli who?; he was the leader of the Swiss Reformation period in 1530's, a contemporary of Martin Luther and I think he was more evangelical compared to Luther).

So be assured whatever good you did today will be forgotten tomorrow. Who will remember? God - so make sure what you did are the things that are of interest to God - not men.

So if we look now at the step by step timeline we can see that after the world repopulation after Babel the nation of Israel now exists.


A new personality now enters our Biblical timeline - MOSES.


It is shown here that it pays to be a "beautiful" child - of course we know it was God who touched the pharaoh's daughter. Some say the pharaoh's daughter is Queen Hatshepsut.


When God calls you - you have no choice. So from a fugitive to a shepherd Moses was pulled out of seclusion into the world of politics where God showed him God is always in control.

And since Moses complied (rather hesitantly at first) he became a witness to the awesome power of God: from the plagues to the Passover to the crossing of the Red Sea.



The ten plagues were not recorded in the stone annals of Egypt due to the obvious reason that no pharaoh documents his defeats or failures. On the contrary what everyone sees in the stones are the glowing successes they had, although some or a lot of them were downright fabrications. However the ten plagues were recorded in a papyrus which is currently in display in the antiquities museum in Leiden, Netherlands. It is called the IPUWER PAPYRUS and it is amazing to see how the passages were almost like echoes of the Book of Exodus.


The IPUWER papyrus (from Google images)

Exodus 12: 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisions left Egypt.


For centuries the exact place where the Israelites crossed the Red Sea was a big question mark .It took a Seventh Day Adventist nurse to do the studies and surveys on his own personal budget to find out where it was - the Nuweiba beach area in the center of the Gulf of Aqaba (=part of the Red Sea) coastline on the side of the Sinai peninsula. Nuweiba is short for "Nuwayba'al Muzzayinah" which means "Waters of Moses opening". Two monuments on both sides were made by Solomon, the one in the Sinai peninsula which is still standing and the other at the Saudi side which was taken down by the Saudi authorities. Where is Mt. Horeb? In Saudi Arabia - it is named "Jebel Al Lawz". Ron Wyatt was given this privilege and in spite of other "experts" contrary opinions, his findings point to the same area; the secondary evidences concur as seen in these images below.


Below we see the timeline at this point of the history of man.


So now we more or less have a good idea where the Israelites crossed the Sinai peninsula, the Red Sea then finally the route towards Kadesh-Barnea and finally into the promised land.


God tells Moses He has chosen the Israeli nation to be His personal Kingdom of priests and holy nation - IF THEY OBEYED FULLY AND KEPT THE COVENANT. Apparently up to today they did not comply - will they ever do so? Let us check in Part 5 of this Bible Story.


Why is the Law important? God now provided man with the rules and guidelines to follow in order to live the kind of life God wanted him to have. These are God's prescriptions and requirements so we cannot question these - the main problem is CAN WE COMPLY IN ALL AREAS? For me? Impossible - we are not perfect. Romans 7 rightly tells us the LAW makes us know the sin, but our sinful nature just rebels against it - we need a Savior.


Let us go back to Moses' authorship of the Torah (=5 books) - Genesis was a compilation, but the rest were written by him as God told him.


The table below shows who were the primary authors of the Book of Genesis through the ages.


In the following slides we see the pattern of worship and living the Israelites did while in the wilderness


Here is the tabernacle set up.


Here we see how the arrangement of the different tribes looked - THE CROSS. Even in the Old Testament God is already foreshowing the means of salvation. Even the customs and way of living of the Israelites portray the ultimate way how man can be saved (=prototype).| Back to the cross



This is Jesus' final role in the salvation process - to become the guilt offering.


It is funny to see that all means of getting the blessings from God have already been written, yet man still disobeys. God is so patient with us.

Why did the original Israelites who crossed the Red Sea NOT ENTER THE PROMISED LAND - except for Joshua and Caleb?

Its all about command responsibility and lack of trust in God. After seeing everything God did for them they still did not get it and even opposed Joshua and Caleb who were raring to go into the promised land. Numbers 14: 29-38 tells us about God's judgment on them.

So if God tells you to do something - DO IT.


One of their fears were the presence of giants. And it was true! Here is the list of giants mentioned in the Old Testament. They are not fairy tale after all.


Sad, but what was within their grasp just faded away and the original Israelites including Moses and Aaron died before they could enter the promised land.


But don't be sad, go to Part 2B and learn how the next generation entered the promised land.